A welder is a person who contributes to making metal joints, repairing metal surfaces, and shaping metals. The welding supplies used for this purpose are numerous and often complicated, but they are also critical to the success of any project. Thus, welding professionals and those fresh out of welding school must be well-versed with the necessary equipment and tools available to them to complete the task at hand.
The Required Tools
There are many ways for a welder to work with various project materials, each having its own tool list. For example, a welder working with stainless steel would use different techniques than a welder working with mild steel. There are also tools that many welders use regularly but are not included on this list.
This list contains the most used and important equipment for most welding professionals.
1) Auto-Darkening Welding Helmet
A welding helmet is essential to adequately protect the welder’s face and prevent heat damage to the eyes. Welding helmets also have other protective features. The most common of these include anti-static and flame tip protection. However, a welder’s overall safety is not justified with only a helmet, and he requires more protective gears to eliminate any injury risk.
Gloves are one of the essential items for a welder. First and foremost, welding gloves protect the hands from becoming burned or injured by the hot metal. Welding gloves are also extremely useful in protecting the skin surface from chemicals and hot metals. However, welding has its dangers even with some gloves; it is possible to get burns through them as well. Therefore, it is essential always to use the best gloves and take great care in picking them.
3) Welding Jacket
The welding jacket protects the body from burns and eliminates spatter, which can otherwise get on the welder’s shirt. It also protects against sparks, flames, and splashes of molten metal. The jacket should be a flame-resistant material that is specially designed for its purpose. Jackets should be sturdy and allow free movement while doing any task; they are a critical part of any welder’s equipment.
4) Belden Wires
Belden Wire 9257 is a copper-clad steel wire used for welding, soldering, and electrical applications. The wire is available in both solid and stranded varieties. This wire has a high strength to weight ratio, easy to bend, and will generally not rust.
5) Diversion Magnet
The magnet is attached to a rod that holds the wire steady while it cools during the weld. The welding magnet keeps the metal hot spot of the weld on target to make the bead smoother and firmer. The diversion magnet can also be used as a gauge for tensile strength testing during quality control checks.
Welding magnets are also used in conjunction with the welding helmet. When using the helmet, you can place this magnet behind the workpiece to hold it still while welding.
6) Filler Rods
Filler rods are used to fill in the space between two pieces of metal that are being welded together. They are typically made of a material that is similar to weld metal. Filler welding rods can either be made out of solid rods or pellets dispensed by unique canned air. Without filler metal, the weld may crack or weaken. The filler rod is usually used in conjunction with a filler wire.
7) Welding table
The welding table is a flat metal surface under the workpiece, which holds the weld and keeps it stable during welding. The table also provides a stable platform for pre-heating, pre-cooling, and post-cooling of the weld. The table must be flat and sturdy enough to withstand the force of the welding power tool. Otherwise, it will only cause injuries.
8) Welding Framing Jig
A welding jig is used to position two pieces of metal together to allow for the weld. A typical jig is made of wood or metal and has a rectangular box shape. The jig center must be marked to be used as a reference point for positioning the metal during welding.
9) Welding Machine
A welder is an electric machine that heats metal enough to allow it to be fused. Welding machines are large and bulky, and many modern welder models also have built-in torches. Different welding machines allow different types of metals to be welded together, so it is vital to educate yourself about the different machine types.
10) Welding Lenses
A welding lens is a small piece of equipment that does exactly what it sounds like: it allows you to see while welding. Ideally, the lens should be adjustable so that you can focus it from a distance to your workpiece. The welding lens is designed to protect your eyes from small particles created by the welding process. There are different kinds of welding lenses, from simple plastic tubes to fully adjustable welding masks.
11) Safety glasses
Safety glasses are designed to protect your eyes from flying sparks and slag. An important thing to consider when buying a pair of safety glasses is how well they fit. If the glasses are too loose, they will tend to fall off when your head turns, and they can get in your eyes. However, the glasses may not be necessary if you have a helmet. Typically such glasses go perfectly with a grinding visor.
12) Grinding Visor
A grinding visor is a solid piece of equipment that fits under welding helmets. The visor prevents the hot sparks and molten metal from getting into the welder’s eyes. It also protects the welder’s face from flying slag and sparks.
13) Angle Grinder
An angle grinder is a powerful tool used to grind down the weld seam on a weld joint. This tool has a disk at the end of the shaft, which has a specific shape and is designed to cut in particular places. The disc can be easily removed from the shaft and replaced with another one for varying purposes.
14) Welding clamps
Welding clamps are designed to hold metal pieces together while welding so that the metal does not come apart during the process. The clamp is a simple piece of equipment that has a handle on each end. These clamps are typically used to hold the two pieces of metal next to each other before welding.
The clamps can be made out of different materials, but welder gloves are typically recommended for handling them.
The welder is one of the essential tools in the field of manufacturing, construction, and welding. With the help of all these tools, you can efficiently perform any welding task in a timely and efficient manner. So be sure to have all the appropriate welding equipment before you continue.